Kinetic and thermodynamic studies on Methylene Blue biosorption by Algerian Olive Stone

K. Batouche, M. Chikhi, F. Balaska, A. Abbaz

Abstract


Abstract: Equilibrium adsorption isotherm for the removal of basic dye Methylene Blue (MB) from aqueous solution using olive stone (OS) has been investigated. Equilibrium data were mathematically modelled using the Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich and Temkin adsorption models to describe the equilibrium isotherms and isotherm constants were determined. The results indicate the potential use of the adsorbent to remove MB from the aqueous solution. Maximum adsorption capacity of 2.6 mg.g-1 was reached at equilibrium. The Temkin isotherm was found to better fit the correlation coefficient of the experimental data (R2> 0.97). Pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, Elovich and intraparticle diffusion models were used to study the kinetic data. The results showed that the intraparticle diffusion model was the best one with R2=1 followed by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Characteristics of adsorption were determined as spontaneous for ΔG°≤-3.4 kJ.mol-1 and endothermic for ΔH° value of 2.8 kJ.mol-1. The findings obtained suggest that olive stones are a desirable candidate as low-cost biomaterial for extracting simple dye MB from aqueous solutions.


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